Dealing With Anxiety

Stephen Moon
4 min readFeb 22, 2022


Who Is Running The Show?

When it comes to dealing with anxiety, who is running the show? I thought of myself as being intelligent and rational. When depression and anxiety showed up, I would vaguely rationalise it by mumbling “brain chemicals” and “past events” to myself — telling myself that life isn’t supposed to be fair — then holding firm while the storm clouds passed. Sometimes it worked, sometimes it didn’t.

Depression has been a constant for me, and more often than not, anxiety has been its companion. More recently, anxiety has gained the upper hand. Over the last two years, I have suffered from anxiety more than at any time in my life. I’ve learned more than at any other stage of my life, too; that’s the beauty of being curious. The learning never stops, providing you keep your mind open.

Learning More About Anxiety

I’ve spoken at length to a psychiatrist, which has opened up new avenues to help my mental wellness. The depression I feel was helped with exercise, meditation, mindfulness and medication. When dealing with anxiety, I undertook twenty sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy (“CBT”). In the former conversations, it was all new to me. I have had two lengthy stints of psychotherapeutic psychotherapy. But psychiatry was a new conversation altogether. I understood the brain and its major components — an eye-opener.

The same could be said of CBT. I was somewhat cynical at the start; it all seemed simplistic. I think I was being an intellectual snob on reflection. It took me some time to realise I was overthinking it, looking for a secret unlock to a series of techniques that didn’t need much of a key. Again, it opened up a new horizon of thinking for me. In that, emotions and thoughts can be separated. Emotional reactions can be broken down and analysed, then reframed better. It’s an excellent technique for dealing with anxiety.

Who Is Who In My Brain?

Dealing with anxiety. Diagram of brain showing amygdala

I learned that my prefrontal cortex is the CEO of the brain. It orchestrates thoughts, acts as an executive function, leads the planning and decision making and; modifies behaviours. Like most CEOs, it believes it’s in charge; until it isn’t.

The hippocampus stores memories. Think of it as the biographer of the brain. It recycles memories during dreams and sends them to be stored elsewhere in the brain. Close to the hippocampus is the amygdala, the fear centre of the brain. It helps to store memories, particularly emotions and physical sensations. It also controls stress hormones; it instigates fight, flight or freeze reactions. There is a lengthy explanation of the amygdala here.

I wouldn’t pretend to know the subtleties of the wiring of the brain. But a basic understanding has been a huge help to me. Fear, anxiety and aggression are triggered by the amygdala. Traumatic events in the past can leave a person vulnerable to fragments of memories that have not been fully processed by the hippocampus and amygdala; the person can have their fight, flight or freeze response triggered more easily. The prefrontal cortex may try to retain control, but can then get pushed aside.

Reducing Anxiety Through Practice

This understanding does help, especially when used in conjunction with CBT. I’m more conscious of what is happening around me and to me. I’m being more mindful and also can see some of the triggers as they appear. “Is my thought driven by emotion or by fact?” is a question I ask myself.

For more important situations I will fill in a thought record. At the start, I was dismissive of this practice. Until I tried it a few times. What was the situation? Did it give rise to emotions and how did they score one to ten?; what facts supported the emotion? Facts against the emotion? Having considered the facts for and against, how would you now rate the emotion?

It has helped to develop a new capability for me when dealing with anxiety. I can do a thought record in my mind as well as on paper. As I practice, I can sometimes do one in real-time. I’m not sure if that’s mindfulness, self-awareness or live thought analysis, but whatever; it helps.

Can I Solve My Anxiety Issues?

Overall I am making progress when dealing with anxiety. It’s been a battle for sure. Taxing for me, sometimes taxing for those around me. The wiring goes back thousands of years. With no amygdala and no fight or flight response, the human race wouldn’t exist. The problem happens when the brain hasn’t processed past traumatic memories properly, or when the chemical balance of the brain is out of kilter. Both of these can lead to the underdevelopment of some areas and the finely balanced dance within the human brain getting out of kilter.

Can I solve entirely my own problems with anxiety? Of course not, but I can improve the situation significantly. There is always something to learn. Always something to practice. My perspective is that while there is a new technique or tool to be explored, then the prospect of better mental health remains. I can get physically fitter. I can improve my mental wellness too, and dealing with anxiety is crucial to this.

Originally published at



Stephen Moon

CEO of performance nutrition company. Executive coach. Startup investor. Generally curious. London based.